Wicca is a modern-day, nature-based pagan religion. Though rituals and practices vary among people who identify as Wiccan, most observations include the festival celebrations of solstices and equinoxes, the honoring of a male god and a female goddess, and the incorporation of herbalism and other natural objects into rituals. Wiccans practice their religion according to an ethical code, and many believe in reincarnation Wicca is considered a modern interpretation of pre-Christian traditions, though some involved claim a direct line to ancient practices. It may be practiced by individuals or members of groups (sometimes known as covens). Wicca also has some commonalities with Druidism in its environmental component, and is considered the inspiration of the goddess movement in spirituality.
The rituals of modern Wiccan practice can be traced to famed first-wave feminist, Egyptologist, anthropologist and folklorist Margaret Murray. She wrote several books on medieval religion centered around witch cults in medieval Europe that inspired British seekers to create their own covens and structure worship around her descriptions, starting with 1921’s The Witch-Cult in Western Europe.
Book of Shadows, a collection of spells and rituals, is central to Wiccan practice.
In 1986, Wicca was recognized as an official religion in the United States through the court case Dettmer v. Landon.
In the case, incarcerated Wiccan Herbert Daniel Dettmer was refused ritual objects used for worship. The Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that Wicca was entitled to First Amendment protection like any other religion.
Wicca and Its Magic.
Magic doesn’t belong to any one spiritual or religious path. Indeed, there are many different traditions of magic, from the healing work of curanderos in Latin America to the hoodoo charms of the Appalachians to the Egyptian magical practice of Heka. These and other traditions from around the world have been passed down over the centuries and are still very much in practice today.
In the realm of Wicca, magical traditions tend to be rooted in the centuries-old practices of the folk healers of Europe as well as the ancient Hermetic philosophies rediscovered during the Renaissance. But while there are tried-and-true spells and methods that have been passed down over the generations, magic in Wicca is by no means a static art. New spells and new approaches to magical manifestationarise all the time, as those who are willing to practice and experiment find new ways of harnessing the natural energies that make up all of creation.
There are many different kinds of magic practiced by Wiccans, from divination to ritual ecstatic dance to energy clearings to more hands-on workings like charms and dream pillows. Likewise, materials and ingredients used in magical work can come from just about anywhere, from jewel-encrusted wands and cast-iron cauldrons to humble stones and scraps of ribbon. Each practitioner has their own style and preferences, as magic is ultimately a very personal art. Nonetheless, there are a few forms of Wiccan magic that remain quite popular among beginning and seasoned Witches alike:
Candle magic is an excellent starting point for anyone just beginning to explore spellwork. Simple, elegant and straightforward, basic candle spells can help you build and strengthen your “magical muscles.” Your magical request (also called the intention) is sent through the medium of the flame. As the candle burns, it disappears, leaving the material plane and joining the ethereal one, carrying with it the message of the intention. This physical example of transformation is particularly useful to beginning magicians, who can use it to help them visualize the manifestation process.
Crystal magicis a delightful way to become acquainted with some of Nature’s most beautiful and mysterious creations. Though they may be classified as “inorganic,” crystals are nonetheless understood by many Witches and healers to be “alive,” as they impart healing energy to people, animals, and even plants. The power of crystals and other mineral stones is the same power inherent in other natural phenomena, such as the wind or a flowing river. They are conduits of energy, and since thought—or intention—is also energy, it can be harnessed and sent out into the Universe through the energy field of the crystals we choose to work with. herbal magicis incredibly practical—in fact, much of it can be done with ingredients you likely already have in your kitchen. Herbs are also probably the most versatile when it comes to hands-on magic. You can use them to create your own magical crafts, such as spell jars, dream pillows, poppets, sachets and other charms. Some people like to create their own incense and oils with herbs, which adds even more magical power to their work. Indeed, the study and patient practice of herbal magic can prove to be the most rewarding form of the Craft a Witch can discover.
The book of shadows (also called a grimoire) is more than just a spell book. Originally written in coded runes to guard against anti-witch hysteria, these books serve as a Wiccan’s diary, where spiritual revelations, dreams, and research are recorded. In addition, every spell a witch casts goes into their book of shadows, along with information about potions and incantations. Each witch has their own book of shadows, and it is to be burned once the witch passes away.
flying on broomsticks isn’t really a thing. Brooms do have an interesting symbolism for witches, however – they’re commonly used to sweep away negative energy from the circular area where Wiccan rituals are performed. A broom is also used in hand-fasting ceremonies, a form of marriage ceremonies where couples participate in “jumping the broom” together.
Far from summoning satanic forces, as some rumors claim, the pentagram has a positive spiritual significance for Wicca. Each point of the star represents the five elements: Earth, Air, Fire, Water, and Spirit. The pentagram was also used as a symbol in the earliest days of Christianity, representing the five wounds of Christ.
Free will is sacred in their religion, and they would never cast a spell that would interfere with a person’s right to make choices for themselves. Evil spells are looked down upon, and witches believe that any witch who casts an evil spell will be punished. Also, Satan has no part in the Wiccan pantheon, so viewing them as Satan worshipers is a major misconception.
Gardening is a huge part of Wiccan practice, teaching adherents about patience and the powers of nature. The plants witches grow are often used for spells and potions, and they are always cut with a boline, a white-handled knife used for Wiccan rituals.
Witches claim to have discovered a real, organic “truth serum.” It is believed that if you place a quirin stone under someone’s pillow, they will talk in their sleep and confess their “rogueries.” Unfortunately, these stones are very rare, and can only be found in the nests of the lapwing or the hoopoe – two Old World birds only located in Europe, Asia, and Africa.
Wiccans commonly hold handfasting ceremonies, which are equivalent to marriage ceremonies in other religions. However, handfasting ceremonies are not exclusively Wiccan, so any couple can have one, no matter what religion they are.
In the past, handfasting ceremonies were a temporary marriage of sorts, and you were bound together for a year and a day. In this way they served as something like an engagement or trial marriage. After the year was up, you would either have a handparting ceremony (divorce), or be bound together for the rest of your lives.
the black-handled athame knife is a tool used during rituals – but once again, the idea that it’s used for live sacrifices is purely an urban legend. Witches are actually strongly opposed to hurting others, and despite popular belief, they never sacrifice animals. The knife is usedto “cast the circle,’ and to cut away negative energy. A witch may also invoke the elemental guardians by using the black-handled knife to cut a pentagram in the air.
Witches have been feared for most of history, resulting in terrible acts of violence against them. Witch hunts were a regular occurrence since the 1200s, and the Salem witch trials in the late 1600s were a gruesome chapter in American history. To this day, approximately 275,000 witches have been killed just for being witches. Between the years 1500 and 1700 alone, about 50,000-80,000 witches were put to death. Persecution of pagan religions continues in some places today.
For Wiccans, the belief is that their souls are headed straight to Summerland. There are many different visual interpretations of Summerland, from a grassy place with summer-like weather to an ethereal place filled with floating souls and energy. Regardless, Summerland is a neutral place where your soul goes to wait, either to be reincarnated or to remain there forever, guiding the new souls that arrive
Like many things in the Wiccan faith, the significance of the number 13 is based on the moon – specifically, because there are 13 full moons in a year. Covens are commonly limited to 13 people (which is conveniently a comfortable number of people to fit in a home for meetings and rituals) and there are 13 Principles of Wiccan Belief.
Abbracadabra” doesn’t just rhyme for fun! Making sure the words of a spell rhyme is actually very important. This philosophy stems from the Wiccan Rede, a statement of Wiccan beliefs, which says, “To bind the spell every time, Let the spell be spake in rhyme.” It is also encouraged for a witch to write their own original rhyming spells, so they can personalized for exactly what the caster is seeking
A subatomic particle isn’t a little dot of matter that scientists can hold still and examine; it’s more like a little dancing point of energy. These particles can’t be understood as separate units. Scientists can describe subatomic particles only by talking about how they act with one another. The only way to meaningfully describe these particles is to explain the way that they interconnect.
WICCA MEETS QUANTUM PHYSICS
Quantum physics clearly demonstrates the Wiccan belief that all reality is an integrated web of energy. Even at the subatomic level, life is interconnected.